The school, in conjunction with the family, is one of the key setting where individual and social development occurred. The health promoting school is based on a social model of health. This emphasizes the entire organization of the school, as well as focusing upon the individual. Paper describes the development of health promoting schools movement (from practice to policy), main principles and concepts, differences between school health promotion and health promoting schools. Special emphases is given to the criteria and set of guidelines towards which schools aspiring to the status of health promoting school were required to work.