Abstract Mice injected with N 6-2′- O-dibutyryl-adenosine 3′,5′ monophosphate (DBcAMP) showed increased anti-sheep erythrocyte (anti-SE) antibody plaque-forming spleen cell (PFC) responses up to 7-fold greater than control mice. The amount of increase was related to the immunizing dose of SE and to the dose of DBcAMP, and it was more pronounced in 19S PFC than in 7S PFC. Mice thymectomized (Tx) within 16 hr after birth and injected with SE and DBcAMP at 40 days showed a 2.7-fold greater anti-SE PFC response than Tx controls injected with SE alone. DBcAMP restored the PFC response of Tx mice to 75% of that seen for sham Tx, DBcAMP-treated controls. These data suggest that a T cell-B cell interaction is not stringently required in mouse anti-SE antibody responses in vivo, since a T cell-like effect may be substituted or a minimal response can be enhanced with a soluble amplifier such as dibutyryl cyclic AMP.