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Factors influencing lead and iron release from some Egyptian drinking water pipes

Journal of Hazardous Materials
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.03.040
  • Lead
  • Iron
  • Pvc Pipes
  • Pp Pipes
  • Gi Pipes
  • Water Quality Parameters


Abstract The major objective of this study is to assess the effect of stagnation time, pipe age, pipes material and water quality parameters such as pH, alkalinity and chloride to sulfate mass ratio on lead and iron release from different types of water pipes used in Egypt namely polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polypropylene (PP) and galvanized iron (GI), by using fill and dump method. Low pH increased lead and iron release from pipes. Lead and iron release decreased as pH and alkalinity increased. Lead and iron release increased with increasing chloride to sulfate mass ratio in all pipes. EDTA was used as an example of natural organic matter which may be influence metals release. It is found that lead and iron release increased then this release decreased with time. In general, GI pipes showed to be the most effected by water quality parameters tested and the highest iron release. PVC pipes are the most lead releasing pipes while PP pipes are the least releasing.

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