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Visual Motion Detection in Tethered Flying Flies

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Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
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  • Fakultät Für Biologie

Abstract

Visual Motion Detection in Tethered Flying Flies Visual Motion Detection in Tethered Flying Flies Sarah Nicola Jung München 2011 Visual Motion Detection in Tethered Flying Flies Sarah Nicola Jung Dissertation an der Fakultät für Biologie der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München vorgelegt von Sarah Nicola Jung aus Engelskirchen München, 5. September 2011 Erstgutachter: Alexander Borst Zweitgutachter: Rainer Uhl Tag der mündlichen Prüfung: 27.10.2011 snjung Note Accepted set by snjung snjung Note Accepted set by snjung I Table of Contents Abstract ……………………………………………………………………………………………….…. 1 1 Introduction .……………………………………………………………………………….… 4 1.1 The Role of Sensory Input in Maintaining Flight Stability ……………………… 5 1.2 Visually Guided Behavior ……………………………………………………………………… 6 1.3 Elementary Motion Detection ………………………………………………………………. 9 1.4 The Optic Lobes and their Role in Motion Computation ……………………….. 12 1.4.1 Compound Eyes in Insects ……………………..…………………………………… 14 1.4.2 Lamina ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 15 1.4.3 Medulla ……………………………………………………………………………………… 18 1.4.4 Lobula …………………………………………………………………………….………….. 19 1.4.5 Lobula Plate ……………………………………………………………………………….. 20 1.4.6 H1 Cell …………………………………………………………………………….……….... 22 1.5 State‐Dependent Influences on Sensory Processing ……………………………… 24 1.5.1 Examples from Various Modalities ……………………………………………… 24 1.5.2 State‐Dependent Visual Processing in Insects …………..………………… 26 1.6 Octopamine and its Role in Insects …………….………………………………………… 28 1.7 Goals and Projec

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