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Tranexamic acid loaded gellan gum-based polymeric microbeads for controlled release: In vitro and in vivo assessment

Authors
Journal
Colloids and Surfaces B Biointerfaces
0927-7765
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
112
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2013.07.054
Keywords
  • Microbeads
  • Tranexamic Acid
  • Sol–Gel Transition
  • Gellan Gum
  • Controlled Release
Disciplines
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract Gellan gum (GG) microbeads containing tranexamic acid (TA), an anti-fibrinolytic drug were prepared by a classic sol–gel transition induced by ionic crosslinking technique using aluminum chloride (AlCl3) as cross-linking agent. The influence of different formulation variables on in vitro physico-chemical parameters and drug release studies were performed systematically. The microbeads were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) analysis. Particle size and swelling behavior of microbeads were also investigated. Microbeads showed improved drug encapsulation efficiency along with enhanced drug release. The in vivo studies exhibited sustained drug release in rabbits over a prolonged period after oral administration of these newly developed TA loaded GG microbeads. Based on the results of in vitro and in vivo studies in experimental animal model it was concluded that these microbeads provided intestinal specific controlled release of TA.

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