The adapter protein 3BP2 is expressed in lymphocytes; binds to Syk/ZAP-70, Vav, and phospholipase C-γ (PLC-γ); and is thought to be important for interleukin-2 gene transcription in T cells. To define the role of 3BP2 in lymphocyte development and function, we generated 3BP2-deficient mice. T-cell development, proliferation, cytokine secretion, and signaling in response to T-cell receptor (TCR) ligation were all normal in 3BP2−/− mice. 3BP2−/− mice had increased accumulation of pre-B cells in the bone marrow and a block in the progression of transitional B cells in the spleen from the T1 to the T2 stage, but normal numbers of mature B cells. B-cell proliferation, cell cycle progression, PLC-γ2 phosphorylation, calcium mobilization, NF-ATp dephosphorylation, and Erk and Jnk activation in response to B-cell receptor (BCR) ligation were all impaired. These results suggest that 3BP2 is important for BCR, but not for TCR signaling.