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Preparation of iminodiacetic acid functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes and its application as sorbent for separation and preconcentration of heavy metal ions

Journal of Hazardous Materials
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.12.087
  • Functionalized Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
  • On-Line Solid-Phase Extraction
  • Metal Ions Analysis
  • Icp-Ms
  • Biology


Abstract In this paper, a novel material was prepared with functionalizing multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) using iminodiacetic acid (IDA) and characterized by FT-IR. Isotherm and kinetics of adsorption were studied and the experimental data fitted the Langmuir model and pseudo-second-order equation very well. An on-line method for simultaneous determination of trace V (V), Cr (VI), Pb (II), Cd (II), Co (II), Cu (II) and As (III) in biological samples was developed using this material as sorbent coupled with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). A series of experimental parameters, including sample pH, sample flow rate and loading time, eluting solution and the effect of interfering ions have been investigated systematically. Under the optimum experimental conditions, the enrichment factors for above metal ions were ranged from 66 to 101. Detection limit (3s) was achieved at 1.3, 1.2, 0.70, 0.40, 2.5, 3.4, 0.79ngL−1, respectively. At the 1.0μgL−1 level, the precision (RSD, %) for 11 replicate measurements was from 1.0 to 4.0. In spiked biological samples, good recoveries (n=3) were obtained in the range of 90–110%. These results had proved that the proposed method was with good accuracy and could be applied to the analysis of trace metal ions in biological samples.

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