Abstract Geobacillus thermocatenulatus strain GS-1 is a thermophilic bacillus having a growth optimum at 60°C, capable of degrading alkanes. It was isolated from the formation water of a high-temperature deep oil reservoir in Qinghai oilfield, China. Here, we report the draft genome sequence with an estimated assembly size of 3.5Mb. A total of 3371 protein-coding sequences, including monooxygenase, alcohol dehydrogenase, aldehyde dehydrogenase, fatty acid-CoA ligase, acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, enoyl-CoA hydrogenase, hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase and thiolase, were detected in the genome, which are involved in the alkane degradation pathway. Our results may provide insights into the genetic basis of the adaptation of this strain to high-temperature oilfield ecosystems.