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Immunoblot Method To Detect Streptococcus pneumoniae and Identify Multiple Serotypes from Nasopharyngeal Secretions

Authors
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology
Publication Date
Source
PMC
Keywords
  • Bacteriology
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Vaccine Information Statement: Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine - What you need to know VACCINE INFORMATION STATEMENT Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine What You Need to Know  Your doctor recommends that you, or your child, get a dose of PCV13 today. Many Vaccine Information Statements are available in Spanish and other languages. See www.immunize.org/vis Hojas de información sobre vacunas están disponibles en español y en muchos otros idiomas. Visite www.immunize.org/vis 1 Why get vaccinated? Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (called PCV13 or Prevnar® 13) is recommended to protect infants and toddlers, and some older children and adults with certain health conditions, from pneumococcal disease. Pneumococcal disease is caused by infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria. These bacteria can spread from person to person through close contact. Pneumococcal disease can lead to severe health problems, including pneumonia, blood infections, and meningitis. Meningitis is an infection of the covering of the brain. Pneumococcal meningitis is fairly rare (less than 1 case per 100,000 people each year), but it leads to other health problems, including deafness and brain damage. In children, it is fatal in about 1 case out of 10. Children younger than two are at higher risk for serious disease than older children. People with certain medical conditions, people over age 65, and cigarette smokers are also at higher risk. Before vaccine, pneumococcal infections caused many problems each year in the United States in children younger than 5, including: • more than 700 cases of meningitis, • 13,000 blood infections, • about 5 million ear infections, and • about 200 deaths. About 4,000 adults still die each year because of pneumococcal infections. Pneumococcal infections can be hard to treat because some strains are resistant to antibiotics. This makes prevention through vaccination even more important. 2 PCV13 vaccine There are more than 90 types of

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