Abstract A program is developed for applying stochastic differential equations to models for chemotaxis. First a few of the experimental and theoretical models for chemotaxis both for swimming bacteria and for cells migrating along a substrate are reviewed. In physical and biological models of deterministic systems, finite difference equations are often replaced by a limiting differential equation in order to take advantage of the ease in the use of calculus. A similar but more intricate methodology is developed here for stochastic models for chemotaxis. This exposition is possible because recent work in probability theory gives ease in the use of the stochastic calculus for diffusions and broad applicability in the convergence of stochastic difference equations to a stochastic differential equation. Stochastic differential equations suggest useful data for the model and provide statistical tests. We begin with phenomenological considerations as we analyze a one-dimensional model proposed by Boyarsky, Noble, and Peterson in their study of human granulocytes. In this context, a theoretical model consists in identifying which diffusion best approximates a model for cell movement based upon theoretical considerations of cell phsyiology. Such a diffusion approximation theorem is presented along with discussion of the relationship between autocovariance and persistence. Both the stochastic calculus and the diffusion approximation theorem are described in one dimension. Finally, these tools are extended to multidimensional models and applied to a three-dimensional experimental setup of spherical symmetry.