Two types of acid proteinase activity found in rabbit skin homografts were characterized by studying the effect of temperature, pH and polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis. Their chromatographic behaviour was characterized on DEAE-cellulose, Sephadex G-75, G-100 and G-200, and their molecular weights were estimated by gel filtration. One of the acid proteinases in the homograft resembled cathepsin D (EC 184.108.40.206) of normal skin. The other acid proteinase differed from cathepsin D with respect to heat inactivation, pH optimum and molecular weight; it was not inactivated on heating at 60 degrees C for 60 min, its pH optimum was 2.5 and its molecular weight measured by Sephadex G-100 chromatography was 100 000. In all these respects, the heat-stable proteinase resembles cathepsin E (EC 220.127.116.11) of rabbit polymorphonuclear leucocytes.