Abstract Proteins exposed on the outer surface of the outer membrane of Salmonella typhimurium were identified by reacting intact cells with a covalent labeling reagent. Since the outer membrane permitted the free diffusion of small hydrophilic molecules, we used a macromolecular reagent, CNBr-activated dextran, as the non-penetrating labeling agent. We also used a mutant producing a lipopolysaccharide with a very short (i.e. hexasaccharide) carbohydrate chain, in order to avoid steric hindrance by the carbohydrates on membrane surface. Results showed that out of the four “major” proteins of molecular weight around 35 000, three were exposed, and that at least six other proteins were also exposed on cell surface. Only two or three outer membrane proteins consistently did not react with the reagent in intact cells.