Abstract This review examines the current literature on individual psychotherapy outcomes with adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse. As compared to the literature on treatment with victims of sexual trauma in adulthood, fewer researchers have explored the field of psychotherapy outcome with this population, particularly with regard to individual treatments. For this reason, a review of psychotherapy outcome for adult survivors of child sexual abuse is needed. This review first presents issues salient to the study of treatment with this population, such as prevalence, short-term impact, and long-term sequelae of childhood sexual trauma. Next, the eight studies that have been published on individual psychotherapy for this population are presented and evaluated according to both efficacy and effectiveness criteria for a methodologically sound study. Last, directions for future research with this population include continued integration of efficacy and effectiveness methodology, use of multi-method/multi-rater assessment data, as well as further investigation of interpersonal variables such as the therapeutic alliance.