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Shillourokambos et la néolithisation de Chypre: quelques reflexions

Universitat de les Illes Balears
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  • Agricultural Science
  • Archaeology


Shillourokambos et la néolithisation de Chypre: quelques reflexions Jean Guilaine François Briois Mayurqa (2005), 30: 13-32 SHILLOUROKAMBOS ET LA NEOLITHISATION DE CHYPRE: QUELQUES REFLEXIONS Jean Guilaine* François Briois** ABSTRACT: After the ninth millennium BC, Cyprus was frequented by Mesolithic ‘visitors’, identified at the Aetokremnos archaeological site. The role they played in the extinction of endemic species, particularly the dwarf hippopotamus, is open to controversy. A gap, contemporary with the Near Eastern PPNA, then occurred, which future research must help clarify. In the second half of the ninth millennium BC, populations that were in the midst of a process of ‘neolithization’ settled on the island and on the neighbouring continent, with the possi- ble existence of agriculture and species of animals under progressive control. The Shillourokambos site, which was founded at that time, is a good indicator of the dynamics that, in the Near East, helped to accentuate anthro- pic pressure on the environment. Meanwhile, a series of elements identified at the site (constructions on posts, closed areas surrounded by stakes, wells, and stone or earthen architecture) bear witness to the eco-cultural resources at their disposal, which gave rise to different types of infrastructure. A presentation is also made of the main evolutionary phases of the chipped stone industry throughout the millennium, spanning 8400 to 7500 BC. Three phases have been recognized, which run parallel with the early and mid PPNB of the Levant. KEY WORDS: Cyprus, Near East, neolithization, domestication, PPNA, PPNB. ABSTRACT: Chypre est fréquentée dès le 9e millénaire avant notre ère par des «visiteurs» mésolithiques reconnus sur le site d’Aetokremnos. Le rôle de ceux-ci dans l’extinction des espèces endémiques, et notamment des hippopotames-nains, est controversé. Un hiatus, contemporain du PPNA proche-oriental, survient ensuite que les futures recherches devraient contribuer à lever. Dans la deuxiè

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