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A Perspective on Food Security in the United States (PowerPoint)

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PowerPoint Presentation USDA Agricultural Outlook Forum A Perspective on Food Security in the United States Steven Carlson Office of Research and Analysis Food and Nutrition Service, USDA February 26, 2009 Today’s Objectives  Provide an overview of the extent of food insecurity in the United States  Describe the Federal response to food insecurity and hunger in America Data Source  USDA has monitored the food security of the Nation since 1995.  Most recent statistics based on the December 2007 Food Security Supplement to the Current Population Survey.  Annual survey of about 45,000 households conducted by the Census Bureau.  Households are classified based on the number of affirmative responses to 18 items known to characterize difficulty meeting basic food needs. Definitions  Food Secure: All household members have access at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life.  Food Insecure: Household is uncertain of having, or unable to acquire, enough food to meet basic needs for all household members at some time during the year because they can not afford enough food.  Very Low Food Security: Households in which the food intake of some household members is reduced and normal eating patterns disrupted because the household cannot afford enough food. Most American Households Food Secure in 2007  104.1 million households (88.9%) were food secure throughout the year  13.0 million households (11.1%) were food insecure at some time during the year  4.7 million households (4.1%) experienced very low food security at some time during the year Low Food Security 7.0% Very Low Food Security 4.1% Food Secure 88.9% Food Insecure 11.1% Children Often Protected From Hunger  Households with children were nearly twice as likely as those without children to report food insecurity (15.8 vs. 8.7 percent).  But in most

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