Abstract Tyrosine hydroxylase activity in whole mouse brains was measured in v vitro . The L-dihydroxyphenylaline (L-DOPA) formed by the enzyme was quantitated by liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection (LCEC). An investigation of the incubation factors (added Fe +2, DOPA decarboxylase inhibitor concentration, substrate concentration, amount of tissue, time of incubation) is reported. Under optimal conditions the activity was found to be 15.1 ± 0.6 (S.E.M.) nmol DOPA formed/hr./g. tissue.