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An ecological design philosophy: Randolph T. Hester's design for ecological democracy

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  • Ht Communities. Classes. Races
  • Na Architecture
  • Ecology
  • Philosophy
  • Political Science


This paper provides an extended review of Randolph T. Hester's Design for ecological democracy (2006). Initially, a brief introduction to the book, its author and the works position in the literature is given, before a broad summary of the book's central argument is provided. The paper then considers the three key themes Hester explores: enabling form, resilient form and impelling form. Through this discussion, linkages are made to wider concepts of ecology in planning practice as well as political and planning theory. The paper concludes that Design for ecological democracy provides not only an engaging philosophy for the future, but also a series of case study‐supported interlinked practical methods for change for the way the built environment is shaped.

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