Affordable Access

Mapping and conformational characterization of the DNA-binding region of the breast cancer susceptibility protein BRCA1.

Authors
Journal
Biochemical Journal
0264-6021
Publisher
Portland Press
Publication Date
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

The breast cancer susceptibility gene, BRCA1, encodes a large nuclear phosphoprotein, the major isoform of which is 1863 amino acids in size. Structure-function studies have been largely restricted to the only two domains identified by homology searches: the RING (really interesting new gene) and BRCT (BRCA1 C-terminus) domains. However, we have recently reported the identification of a large central soluble region of BRCA1 (residues 230-534) that binds specifically to four-way junction DNA, a property that potentially facilitates its role in the repair of DNA lesions by homologous recombination. We have now used a combination of limited proteolysis and extension cloning to identify more accurately the DNA-binding region of BRCA1. Limited trypsinolysis of BRCA1-(230-534) resulted in the production of a soluble domain identified as residues 230-339. However, after cloning, expression and purification of this region, studies revealed that it was unable to bind to four-way junctions, suggesting that the DNA-binding activity, in part, resides within residues 340-534. A series of fragments extending from residue 340 were produced, and each was tested for its ability to bind to four-way junction DNA in gel retardation assays. In these experiments, residues 340-554 of BRCA1 were identified as the minimal DNA-binding region. We then went on to characterize the conformation of this region using CD spectroscopy and analytical centrifugation.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.