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Antibiosis to Caribbean Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) Immature Stages in Carambola Germplasm

Florida Entomologist


Peña & Bennett: Annona Arthropods 329 ARTHROPODS ASSOCIATED WITH ANNONA SPP. IN THE NEOTROPICS J. E. P EÑA 1 AND F. D. B ENNETT 2 1 University of Florida, Tropical Research and Education Center, 18905 S.W. 280th Street, Homestead, FL 33031 2 University of Florida, Department of Entomology and Nematology, 970 Hull Road, Gainesville, FL 32611 A BSTRACT Two hundred and ninety-six species of arthropods are associated with Annona spp. The genus Bephratelloides (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) and the species Cerconota anonella (Sepp) (Lepidoptera: Oecophoridae) are the most serious pests of Annona spp. Host plant and distribution are given for each pest species. Key Words: Annona , arthropods, Insecta. R ESUMEN Doscientas noventa y seis especies de arthrópodos están asociadas con Annona spp. en el Neotrópico. De las especies mencionadas, el género Bephratelloides (Hyme- noptera: Eurytomidae) y la especie Cerconota anonella (Sepp) (Lepidoptera: Oecopho- ridae) sobresalen como las plagas mas importantes de Annona spp. Se mencionan las plantas hospederas y la distribución de cada especie. The genus Annona is confined almost entirely to tropical and subtropical America and the Caribbean region (Safford 1914). Edible species include Annona muricata L. (soursop), A. squamosa L. (sugar apple), A. cherimola Mill. (cherimoya), and A. retic- ulata L. (custard apple). Each geographical region has its own distinctive pest fauna, composed of indigenous and introduced species (Bennett & Alam 1985, Brathwaite et al. 1986, Brunner et al. 1975, D’Araujo et al. 1968, Medina-Gaud et al. 1989, Peña et al. 1984, Posada 1989, Venturi 1966). These reports place emphasis on the broader as-

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