Summary “Artificial hibernation” is considered as alogical application of 2 well-proved physiologic principles: the oxygen-sparing effect of hypothermia and the control of shock by adrenolytic agents. It is not a curative method and its sole purpose is to ensure survival until specific therapy has taken effect. Some experimental data have been presented concerning induction, maintenance and consequences of protracted hypothermia, the prevention and control of shock, and the reduction of oxygen consumption. The principles and the techniques of the method are described and the principal indications for its use in children have been enumerated. Finally, the arguments for and against the hibernation method and certain of the problems for investigation have been indicated.