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Laminar burning velocity measurements of liquid fuels at elevated pressures and temperatures with combustion residuals

Combustion and Flame
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.combustflame.2011.02.016
  • Laminar Burning Velocities
  • Flame Speeds
  • Cellularity
  • Liquid Fuels
  • Residuals


The laminar burning velocity is a fundamental property of a fuel that affects many aspects of its combustion behaviour. Experimental values are required to validate kinetic simulations, and also to provide input for models of flashback, minimum ignition energy and turbulent combustion.A constant volume vessel (rated at 3.4. MPa) in conjunction with a multi-zone model was used to calculate burning velocity from pressure and schlieren data, allowing the user to select data uncorrupted by heat transfer or cellularity. Using the pressure rise data allows measurements to be derived for much higher pressures and temperatures than when the constant pressure data are used. A 12 term correlation for burning velocity was fitted to the data.n-Heptane, iso-octane, toluene, ethylbenzene and ethanol were tested over a wide range of initial pressures (50, 100, 200 and 400 kPa), temperatures (310, 380 and 450. K) and equivalence ratios (0.7-1.4), along with tests using combustion residuals at mole fractions of up to 0.3. The results compared favourably with the limited data already published, especially at high pressures. Conditions at the onset of cellularity are given for iso-octane. © 2011 The Combustion Institute.

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