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Complex research on human beings, from M.Scheler to E.Morin and I.T.Frolov

Vietnamese Academy of Social Sciences (VASS)
Publication Date
  • Religious Science


According to the writer, it was I.Kant who was known todraw attention to the remarkable role of complex thoughtin the research on human beings. However, Kant wasonly the initiator.Following Kant, as the writer supposed, M. Scheler(1874-1928) became the explorer and pressed therequirement for a complex approach to human beings,which would help to do research on human beings inpursuance to their unique and intricate existence in theworld.As it was indicated by Scheler, it was until the 20thcentury, science advancement had made human researchfragmentized. In different sciences, the human image wasso fragmented that making it impossible to comprehendwhat were human beings. Consequently, it wasimperative for scientists to unite in one single method ifthey wanted to have an efficient understanding of humanbeings. It was not only science, but also it should includearts, literature, religion, conscientiousness, etc... to bepresent in this converged research method. It was because human beings were the only entities in the universe that possessed the spiritual, mental, emotional, divine … world. This was the complex thought method. Other dimensions of this method would include complex approach, interdisciplinary-complex research.This writing set off with Scheler and analyzed rather carefully E. Morin’s literature on complex research. As the writer put it,Morin (still alive) is the outstanding face of the worlds science on complex thought, a person who is the most keen on theinterdisciplinary- complex approach in general and the complex thought on human beings in particular. The writer also emphasized that some Morins crucial works have beenreproduced in Vietnamese.A person who has been most successful with the complexthought on human beings, according to the writer, is I.T. Frolov (1929-1999). He is a Russian scholar and founded the Human Beings Institute (1990) under the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). The writing thoroughly analyzed Frolov’s absorption and practical application of the complex thought. It is regret that none has been able to follow Frolovs half career.In Vietnam, as the writer stated that the Indochina Human Beings Research Institute was established by the French in 1937 under the EFEO (which is now the Institute for Social Sciences Information), however, from 1945, this Institute has no longer been in operation. In 1999, a new Human Beings Research Institute initiated by Academician Phạm Minh Hạc established in Hanoi. Research and development of the complex approach has been carried out thereat and it has demonstrated potential prospects

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