Abstract Measurements of basal and insulin-stimulated uptake of D-glucose, 2-deoxy-D-glucose and 3-O-methyl-D-glucose were determined in isolated fat cells from young and adult rats by an oil-centrifugation technique. At low sugar concentrations, uptake of D-glucose and 2-deoxy-D-glucose was greater in large cells from older animals than in small cells from young rats while at higher concentrations (3.0 mM–5.0 mM) uptake was similar. Insulin enhanced uptake of both sugars and the amounts accumulated by the two cell types were not significantly different. Also no difference was noted in basal rate of 3-O-methyl-D-glucose uptake or when uptake was accelerated by insulin stimulation. These findings suggest that large adipocytes from adult rats are not as insulin-resistant as previously suggested but, instead, have an efficient D-glucose transport system which is responsive to insulin stimulation.