Abstract Under physiological conditions, the activity of the glutamine synthetase in gram-negative bacteria is inversely proportional to the number of its subunits that are adenylylated [Kingdon, H. S., Shapiro, B. m., and Stadtman, E. R., (1967), Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.58, 1703 – 1710]. Six different enzymic procedures have been developed for determining the average state of adenylylation, i.e., the average number of adenylylated subunits per enzyme molecule, which can vary from 0 to 12. These methods depend on measurements of the γ-glutamyltransferase activity in assay mixtures containing Mn2+ at a pH where adenylylated and unadenylylated subunits are equally active and also under conditions where only unadenylylated subunits are active. The methods can be used to measure the state of adenylylation of glutamine synthetase in crude extracts with an accuracy of ±7%.