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A risk assessment infrastructure for powered wheelchair motion commands without full sensor coverage

Authors
Publisher
University of British Columbia
Publication Date
Disciplines
  • Computer Science
  • Design
  • Philosophy

Abstract

Smart powered wheelchairs offer the possibility of enhanced mobility to a large and growing population---most notably older adults---and a key feature of such a chair is collision avoidance. Sensors are required to detect nearby obstacles; however, complete sensor coverage of the immediate neighbourhood is challenging for reasons including financial, computational, aesthetic, user identity and sensor reliability. It is also desirable to predict the future motion of the wheelchair based on potential input signals; however, direct modeling and control of commercial wheelchairs is not possible because of proprietary internals and interfaces. In this thesis we design a dynamic egocentric occupancy map which maintains information about local obstacles even when they are outside the field of view of the sensor system, and we construct a neural network model of the mapping between joystick inputs and wheelchair motion. Using this map and model infrastructure, we can evaluate a variety of risk assessment metrics for collaborative control of a smart wheelchair. One such metric is demonstrated on a wheelchair with a single RGB-D camera in a doorway traversal scenario where the near edge of the doorframe is no longer visible to the camera as the chair makes its turn.

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