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A model of educational resource use by children with cochlear implants

Authors
Journal
Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
0194-5998
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Volume
117
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0194-5998(97)70171-2
Disciplines
  • Economics
  • Education
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract We have tracked patterns of use of educational and rehabilitative resources as part of an initial assessment of cost-benefit ratios of cochlear implants in children. Forty-two children with cochlear implants in the Listening Center at Johns Hopkins program of aural rehabilitation have served as our study cohort to develop the measures to be assessed. An educational resource matrix stratifies school setting (residential vs special education vs nonspecialized “mainstream” setting) and levels of rehabilitative support (speech and language therapy and interpreter use) to map past and current use of these services. Initial cost-benefit projections based on observed advancement toward educational independence in the educational resource matrix indicate an extremely favorable net present value of the implant (cost savings minus cost). These cost-benefit projections will need to be supplemented with measures of the impact on quality of life and future educational and vocational options to determine the overall cost-effectiveness of cochlear implants in children. (Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1997;117:174-9.)

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