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Acquisition and transfer of declarative and procedural knowledge by memory-impaired patients: A computer data-entry task

Authors
Journal
Neuropsychologia
0028-3932
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
30
Issue
10
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0028-3932(92)90034-j

Abstract

Abstract Previous research demonstrated that a single amnesic patient could acquire complex knowledge and processes required for the performance of a computer data-entry task. The present study extends the earlier work to a larger group of brain-damaged patients with memory disorders of varying severity and of various etiologies and with other accompanying cognitive deficits. All patients were able to learn both the data-entry procedures and the factual information associated with the task. Declarative knowledge was acquired by patients at a much slower rate than normal whereas procedural learning proceeded at approximately the same rate in patients and control subjects. Patients also showed evidence of transfer of declarative knowledge to the procedural task, as well as transfer of the data-entry procedures across changes in materials.

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