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Diffractionless optical networking in an inverse opal photonic band gap micro-chip

Authors
Journal
Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications
1569-4410
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
2
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.photonics.2003.11.001
Keywords
  • Photonic Crystal Heterostructures
  • Photonic Integrated Circuits
Disciplines
  • Communication
  • Design
  • Physics

Abstract

Abstract We present a design for a photonic crystal (PC) all-optical micro-chip based on a three-dimensional (3D) inverse opal heterostructure intercalated with a two-dimensional (2D) triangular lattice photonic crystal slab. Within the 2D micro-chip layer, we demonstrate single-mode (diffractionless) waveguiding of light in air, throughout a bandwidth of more than 70 nm near 1.55 μm. This suggests that inverse opal photonic band gap (PBG) materials can facilitate on-chip optical networking functions over the telecommunication frequency band used in current-day optical fibers.

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