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Identification of hormonogenic domains in the carboxyl terminal region of bovine thyroglobulin

Authors
Journal
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
0006-291X
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
125
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0006-291x(84)91377-9
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

Abstract A segment of 986 nucleotides corresponding to the 3′ end of the 8.5 kb bovine thyroglobulin (Tg) mRNA has been sequenced. An open reading frame of 302 codons was found, ending with TGA and preceding an 80 nucleotide long 3′ untranslated sequence. The encoded protein sequence provided the first data on the carboxyl terminal portion of Tg. Lysine was identified as the last residue. Comparison of the amino acid sequence with that of peptides known to contain thyroid hormones in the mature protein (6, 7), lead to the identification of three regions involved in thyroid hormone formation. Two closely linked thyroxine- forming sites were found 182 and 196 amino acids from the carboxyl terminus respectively. The antepenultimate amino acid of the protein corresponded to the recently described triiodothyronine-forming site (7). Together with the previous localization of the main thyroxine-containing peptide at the amino terminus, the present results provide a map of all hormonogenic sites identified to date in Tg.

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