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Four novelATP2A2mutations in Slovenian patients with Darier disease

Authors
Journal
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
0190-9622
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
62
Issue
5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jaad.2009.07.031
Keywords
  • Atp2A2
  • Darier Disease
  • Mutation
  • Pathogenesis
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine

Abstract

Background Darier disease (DD) is an autosomal dominant genodermatosis caused by mutations in the ATP2A2 gene. It has been reported that depletion of Ca 2+ stores within the endoplasmic reticulum of keratinocytes is associated with impaired cell cycle regulation and terminal differentiation. Mechanical stress, heat, or UV irradiation might delay cell cycle exit and permit progression into the quiescent stage without repair. When there is associated DNA damage, this can lead to an accumulation of secondary somatic mutations and possible clonal proliferation of damaged keratinocyes within keratotic papules and plaques. Objective We sought to present clinical, demographic, and genetic analysis of the cohort of Slovenian patients with DD, which represents 52% of DD patients in the country. Methods We examined 28 Slovenians with DD and screened genomic DNA for ATP2A2 mutations and RNA for splice site mutations. Results The estimated prevalence of the disease in Slovenia is 2.7/100.000. We identified 7 different ATP2A2 mutations, 4 of which are novel: A516P, R559G, 463-6del6, and 1762-6del18. We also found two previously described polymorphisms in intron XVIII (2741 + 54 G>A) and in exon 15 (2172 G>A; A724A), with allele frequencies of 64.15% and 11.32%, respectively. There was a history of perceptive deafness in two DD patients from two families. Limitations Analysis of SERCA2 expression, measurements of Ca 2+ uptake and their influence on desmosomal assembly in vitro would add additional value to the study. Although single-stranded conformational analysis (SSCP) is a common and accepted method for screening for the presence of mutations, it does miss 10% to 20% of mutations. Conclusions We identified 4 novel ATP2A2 mutations in Slovenian patients with DD. Deafness seems to be a new phenotypic characteristic of DD patients.

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