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Cardiac dysfunction after burns

Authors
Journal
Burns
0305-4179
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
34
Issue
5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.burns.2007.11.013
Keywords
  • Diastolic And Regional Systolic Dysfunction
  • Echocardiography
  • Myocardial Injury
  • Fluid Resuscitation In Burns
  • Myocardial Infarction
  • Troponin

Abstract

Abstract Objectives Using transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) we investigated the occurrence, and the association of possible abnormalities of motion of the regional wall of the heart (WMA) or diastolic dysfunction with raised troponin concentrations, or both during fluid resuscitation in patients with severe burns. Patients and methods Ten consecutive adults (aged 36–89 years, two women) with burns exceeding 20% total burned body surface area who needed mechanical ventilation were studied. Their mean Baux index was 92.7, and they were resuscitated according to the Parkland formula. Thirty series of TEE examinations and simultaneous laboratory tests for myocyte damage were done 12, 24, and 36 h after the burn. Results Half ( n = 5) the patients had varying grades of leakage of the marker that correlated with changeable WMA at 12, 24 and 36 h after the burn ( p ≤ 0.001, 0.044 and 0.02, respectively). No patient had WMA and normal concentrations of biomarkers or vice versa. The mitral deceleration time was short, but left ventricular filling velocity increased together with stroke volume. Conclusion Acute myocardial damage recorded by both echocardiography and leakage of troponin was common, and there was a close correlation between them. This is true also when global systolic function is not deteriorated. The mitral flow Doppler pattern suggested restrictive left ventricular diastolic function.

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