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13C nuclear magnetic resonance study of stereoregularity in poly(dialkyl fumarate)s bearing t-butyl ester groups

Authors
Journal
Polymer
0032-3861
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
32
Issue
15
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0032-3861(91)90102-o
Keywords
  • Poly(Di-T-Butyl Fumarate)
  • Radical Polymerization
  • Tacticity
  • 13C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
  • Mesoaddition
  • Poly(Substituted Methylene)
Disciplines
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract The stereochemical configuration of poly(dialkyl fumarate)s (poly(DRF)) bearing t-butyl groups, i.e. poly(di-t-butyl fumarate) (poly(DtBF)) and poly(methyl t-butyl fumarate) (poly(MtBF)), was investigated by means of 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy at 100 MHz. The microstructures of the polymers prepared by radical polymerization at 120°C were examined after they were transformed into poly(dimethyl fumarate) (poly(DMF)) by quantitative thermolysis and esterification in order to facilitate analysis of the spectra. The simulation of the spectra was carried out with the aid of modified Bernoullian statistics. It was revealed that the probability of meso addition in the propagation increased as a bulky ester group was introduced into DRF, i.e. in the order DtBF > MtBF > DMF. The average fraction of meso diads in poly(DtBF) increased when the polymerization temperature decreased.

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