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Enzymatic syntheses of DNA-silicas using DNA polymerase

Analytical Biochemistry
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/0003-2697(92)90043-7
  • Chemistry


Abstract Oligothymidylic acids couple to an activated ester silica ( N-hydroxysuccinimidyl-silica) only when they contain an added aminoalkyl group. Heteropolymeric oligomers containing other nucleotide bases were shown to also couple by way of the nucleotide base (adenine, cytosine, or guanine); however, when a heteropolymeric oligonucleotide also contains a 5′-aminoalkyl moiety, coupling by way of the latter is the favored reaction. When duplex hybrids of oligonucleotides are formed, the nucleotide bases are protected from chemical coupling. Coupling by way of nucleotide bases would be detrimental to some chromatography experiments. On the basis of these observations, two different procedures were developed to produce DNA-silicas in which a single strand of the DNA is coupled by only its 5′-terminus. In the first of these, the polymerase chain reaction was used with a 5′-aminoalkyl primer to make a duplex DNA with one strand containing the 5′-aminoalkyl group and the duplex DNA is then coupled to the activated ester silica. This yielded a silica containing about 0.17 nmol of a 242-mer per gram silica which bound only probes seecific for the coupled strand. In the other procedure, a template DNA strand was poly(A) tailed and hybridized to (dT) 18-silica. DNA polymerase I (Klenow large fragments) was then used to copy the template-specified sequence directly onto the 3′-terminus of the (dT) 18. This procedure yielded about 1.2 to 2.7 nmol DNA copied/g of silica of a specific 21-mer sequence. The DNA-silica produced selectively hybridized only with complementary sequences and not with DNA lacking that sequence. Either of these procedures thus produces DNA-silicas from heteropolymeric DNA sequences with a predetermined, specific 5′-terminal site of attachment.

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