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Hypocholesterolemic effect of vegetable protein in a hypocaloric diet

Authors
Journal
Atherosclerosis
0021-9150
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
78
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0021-9150(89)90213-x
Keywords
  • Vegetable Protein
  • Hypocaloric Diet
  • Weight Loss
  • Blood Lipids
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

Abstract Eleven obese volunteers took part in a 12-week study during 8 weeks of which 2 meals of their control 1000 kcal diets were replaced by a soya based liquid formula (1 month) or a milk based liquid formula (1 month). The mean weight loss per month was 2.5 kg ( P < 0.05). On the soya formula total and LDL cholesterol levels were reduced significantly over the month by 10.0 ± 2.7% ( P < 0.01) and 17.5 ± 5.6% ( P < 0.02), respectively. Neither the milk based formula or the control low calorie diet lowered serum cholesterol significantly over the diet period. No change was seen in serum triglycerides on any of the 3 diets. No difference was seen between treatments in 24-h urinary C-peptide excretion. The results indicated that use of a vegetable protein supplement in a weight loss program which induced moderate weight loss was associated with a reduction in blood lipids, whereas moderate weight loss on a control low calorie diet or milk based formula was not.

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