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Relationship between composition and surface morphology in YBCO films deposited by large-area PLD

Physica C Superconductivity
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.physc.2004.01.172
  • Ybco
  • Yttrium-Rich
  • Pores
  • Pulsed Laser Deposition


Abstract YBCO films deposited from a stoichiometric (Y123) target via a large-area PLD system have consistently been found to be Y-rich in composition as well as characterized by pores. Use of an off-stoichiometric target with increased Ba and Cu content proved to be an effective method to compensate for the deficiency in barium and copper in the films. Films with composition closer to the ideal stoichiometric ratio have been obtained from the off-stoichiometric target, including significantly reduced pore density, improved microstructure and higher critical current density ( J c) in excess of 2 MA/cm 2 at 77.3 K over a 2 ″-diameter area. Furthermore, it was found out that the dense and smooth YBCO film deposited from the off-stoichiometric target needed ex situ oxygen annealing to reach fully-oxygenated state.

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