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Synthesis of TiO2 nanoparticles in a spinning disc reactor

Chemical Engineering Journal
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2014.07.042
  • Spinning Disc Reactor
  • Tio2
  • Particle Size
  • Particle Size Distribution
  • Mixing
  • Yield


Abstract Reactive precipitation of TiO2 in a spinning disc reactor (SDR) has been performed. Physical parameters such as rotational speed, disc surface texture, and operating parameters such as flowrate, ratio of water to precursor and location of feed introduction points have been studied in terms of their effects on TiO2 particle size, particle size distribution (PSD) and particle yield. Smaller particles of less than 1nm mean diameter with narrower PSDs are generally formed at higher yields at higher disc speeds, higher flowrates and on grooved disc surfaces, all of which provide the best hydrodynamic conditions for intense micromixing and near ideal plug flow regime in the fluid film travelling across the disc surface. Similar observations are made for particle characteristics at higher water/TTIP ratios which are attributed to the increased rate of the hydrolysis reaction favouring nucleation over growth. The introduction of the TTIP feed stream into the water stream away from the centre of the disc is also conducive to the generation of smaller and more uniformly sized particles due to the greater energy dissipation for improved micromixing at these locations. Comparisons with reactive-precipitation of TiO2 in a conventional stirred tank reactor (STR) also demonstrate that the SDR performs better in terms of much improved particle characteristics and higher TiO2 yields per unit processing time. This is attributed to more uniform and intense mixing conditions in the smaller volume, continuous SDR than in the STR.

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