Abstract The main group of minor constituents belonging to vegetable oils are reviewed. Their importance in the characterization, origin and detection of oil mixtures are considered. Also, the determination of these minor components is of great value in establishing the oil quality and their genuineness. The most commonly used procedures (including the Official methodologies) normally applying chromatographic techniques are reviewed. The interference of each component within the determination of the other minor constituents are discussed. Furthermore, novel procedures for determining those compounds are also presented.