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Retinal hemorrhages and traction forces in vacuum extraction

Authors
Journal
Early Human Development
0378-3782
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
16
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0378-3782(88)90107-7
Keywords
  • Vaccuum Extraction
  • Retinal Hemorrhages
  • Tractive Force
  • Labor

Abstract

Abstract The relationship between the traction forces used in 53 clinically indicated vacuum extractions and the incidence and degree of retinal hemorrhages observed in the neonates within 24 hours after birth was examined. A Vacuum Extractor Recorder (Type SF 30, Knick), was used to measure the traction force necessary for delivery of the fetal head. No relationship could be demonstrated between the force time integral and the appearance and grading of retinal bleedings.

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