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Expanded measurements from Neumayer Station (2009-10)

Authors
Publisher
PANGAEA
Publication Date
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1594/pangaea.736428
Keywords
  • Baseline Surface Radiation Network
  • Bsrn
  • Cloud Base Height
  • Cloud Base Height Is Measured Using The Cloud Ceilometer Vaisala Cl31
  • Dronning Maud Land
  • Antarctica
  • Georg Von Neumayer
  • Gvn
  • Monitoring Station
  • Wcrp/Gewex
Disciplines
  • Communication
  • Earth Science

Abstract

DocHdl1OnPTRtmpTarget The general circulation of the whole atmosphere is mainly driven from the temperature difference between the equatorial and the polar regions, resulting from the differential absorp- tion of solar energy. Without the knowledge of the Antarctic climatology the general circulation of the whole atmosphere cannot be understood. Thus, meteorological observatories in Antarctica have a fundamental importance, not only for Antarc- tica but for the whole world. Antarctica is frequently regarded to be very sensitive to anthropogenic induced climate changes. The ozone depletion – firstly observed in Antarctica – is one well known example. Also the collapse of parts of the Larsen Ice Shelf in 1995 and 2002 is frequently regarded as a result of global climate changes. Despite the fact that Antarctica belongs to the “motors” of our climate system and its sensitivity to climate changes, only very few meteorological measurements are available. From no other continent less data exist. Only the oceanic regions face a comparable problem. To reduce this problem, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) strongly recommends that any research station established in Antarctica should run a 25 Polarforschung 76 (1-2), 25 – 38, 2006 (erschienen 2007) The Meteorological Observatory at Neumayer Stations (GvN and NM-II) Antarctica by Gert König-Langlo1 and Bernd Loose1 Abstract: Since March 1981 a meteorological observatory program is carried out at Georg von Neumayer Station (GvN, 70°37’S, 8°22’W) continuously. On 16 March 1992 the program was extended and transferred to the new Neumayer Station (NM-II, 70°39’S, 8°15’W) in a close neighbourhood of the former one. Today, the meteorological observatory of NM-II is an integral part of many international networks, mostly associated with the World Meteorolo- gical Organization (WMO). The data from NM-II help to close significant gaps in the global weather and climate observing networks. NM-II takes part in the Global Telecommunication Syst

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