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Stromal interaction essential for vascular endothelial growth factor A-induced tumour growth via transforming growth factor-β signalling

Authors
Journal
British Journal of Cancer
0007-0920
Publisher
Nature Publishing Group
Publication Date
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1038/bjc.2011.460
Keywords
  • Translational Therapeutics
Disciplines
  • Chemistry
  • Medicine

Abstract

Background: High vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFA) levels at the time of diagnosis confer a worse prognosis to multiple malignancies. Our aim was to investigate the role of VEGFA in promoting tumour growth through interaction with its environment. Methods: HL-60 cells were transduced with VEGFA165 or control vector using retroviral constructs. Control cells (n=7) or VEGFA165 cells (n=7) were subcutaneously injected into NOD/SCID mice. Immunohistochemistry of markers for angiogenesis (CD31) and cell proliferation (Ki67) and gene expression profiling of tumours were performed. Paracrine effects were investigated by mouse-specific cytokine arrays. Results: In vivo we observed a twofold increase in tumour weight when VEGFA165 was overexpressed (P=0.001), combined with increased angiogenesis (P=0.002) and enhanced tumour cell proliferation (P=0.001). Gene expression profiling revealed human genes involved in TGF-β signalling differentially expressed between both tumour groups, that is, TGFBR2 and SMAD5 were lower expressed whereas the inhibitory SMAD7 was higher expressed with VEGFA165. An increased expression of mouse-derived cytokines IFNG and interleukin 7 was found in VEGFA165 tumours, both described to induce SMAD7 expression. Conclusion: These results suggest a role for VEGFA-driven tumour growth by TGF-β signalling inhibition via paracrine mechanisms in vivo, and underscore the importance of stromal interaction in the VEGFA-induced phenotype.

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