Abstract With Rytov approximation and Kolmogorov spectrum model of index-of-refraction fluctuation, we study the effects of turbulence aberration on the orbital angular momentum of single photons in atmospheric communication channel. A theoretical model of measurement probabilities of orbital angular momentum states for single photons propagation under the Zernike tilt corrected slant path turbulent atmosphere channel is established. Our research shows that tilt-corrected residual aberration not only damage the initial OAM, but also induce new OAM. With the increasing of D/ ρ 0, the number of the initial OAM photons will go down while the effective number of new OAM ascends. Meanwhile, the receiving probability of initial OAM photons declines, as the turbulence shifts from weak to strong. For Zernike tilt-corrected residual aberration, the receiving probability of initial OAM photons declines as the diameter of detector increases. The effect of Zernike tilt-corrected residual aberration on OAM of the photons is more larger than the effect of Zernike tilt turbulent aberration.