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Laparoscopic Risk-Reducing Salpingo-Oophorectomy: The Brigham and Women's Experience

ISRN Minimally Invasive Surgery
Publication Date
  • Medicine


Objective. To establish short-term surgical outcomes of three-port laparoscopic risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) in women with hereditary breast-ovarian cancer syndrome (HBOC). Methods. The medical records of all HBOC women that underwent laparoscopic RRSO between January 2001 and December 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. Demographic data, operative details, and short-term surgical outcomes were obtained and subjected to SAS. Statistical univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Results. 358 patients met study criteria with 277 (77.4%) carrying a documented BRCA mutation. The predominant technique utilized three ports (two 5 mm and one 10/12 mm), a 5 mm laparoscope and a 5 mm Ligasure pulsatile bipolar device. Mean operative time was 58.3 minutes (SD 22.6, 26.0–197.0), significantly affected by BMI greater than 30 ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 0 0 1 ) and status of adhesions ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 0 1 ). Estimated blood loss (EBL) was negligible in 96.9% of cases. Seven patients required conversion to laparotomy. No major intraoperative complications were recorded. One-night hospital admission rate was less than 2.0% while postoperative complication rate was 3.1%. Malignancy was revealed in 14 patients (3.9%). Conclusion. In HBOC population, three-port laparoscopic RRSO is a simple, reproducible, and safe procedure with low conversion rate, short operative time, minimal EBL, low surgical morbidity, and rapid postoperative recovery.

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