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Enzymatic Single-Molecule Kinetic Isotope Effects.

Authors
Publisher
American Chemical Society Publications
Publication Date
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Physics

Abstract

Ensemble-based measurements of kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) have advanced physical understanding of enzyme-catalyzed reactions, but controversies remain. KIEs are used as reporters of rate-limiting H-transfer steps, quantum mechanical tunnelling, dynamics and multiple reactive states. Single molecule (SM) enzymatic KIEs could provide new information on the physical basis of enzyme catalysis. Here, single pair fluorescence energy transfer (spFRET) was used to measure SM enzymatic KIEs on the H-transfer catalyzed by the enzyme pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase. We evaluated a range of methods for extracting the SM KIE from single molecule spFRET time traces. The SM KIE enabled separation of contributions from nonenzymatic protein and fluorophore processes and H-transfer reactions. Our work demonstrates SM KIE analysis as a new method for deconvolving reaction chemistry from intrinsic dynamics.

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