Abstract Emergency percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) is accepted as an important reperfusion intervention for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Although its primary success rate is well documented, the frequency of restenosis after this procedure is unclear. The frequency of restenosis was determined in patients undergoing emergency PTCA at least 6 months after PTCA was performed during AMI. Of 66 consecutive patients undergoing emergency PTCA, 25 had a second, elective catheterization at an average of 22 months after AMI and 6 underwent repeat catheterization because of recurrent chest pain. Restenosis of the PTCA site was found in 10 of the 31 patients (32%) restudied. Also, 14 (45%) of these 31 patients showed progression of narrowing in the non-infarct-related coronary arteries. In summary, patients in whom AMI is treated by PTCA are at risk for restenosis and for progressive narrowing of the non-infarct artery.