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Motivation through the design of work: test of a theory

Authors
Journal
Organizational Behavior and Human Performance
0030-5073
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
16
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0030-5073(76)90016-7
Disciplines
  • Design
  • Medicine
  • Psychology

Abstract

Abstract A model is proposed that specifies the conditions under which individuals will become internally motivated to perform effectively on their jobs. The model focuses on the interaction among three classes of variables: (a) the psychological states of employees that must be present for internally motivated work behavior to develop; (b) the characteristics of jobs that can create these psychological states; and (c) the attributes of individuals that determine how positively a person will respond to a complex and challenging job. The model was tested for 658 employees who work on 62 different jobs in seven organizations, and results support its validity. A number of special features of the model are discussed (including its use as a basis for the diagnosis of jobs and the evaluation of job redesign projects), and the model is compared to other theories of job design.

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