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Purification and characterization of grass carp mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase

Authors
Journal
Chemico-Biological Interactions
0009-2797
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0009-2797(00)00231-3
Keywords
  • Aldehyde Dehydrogenase
  • Fish
  • Grass Carp
  • Purification
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

Abstract The molecular biology and enzymology of aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) have been extensively investigated. However, most of the studies have been confined to the mammalian forms, while the sub-mammalian vertebrate ALDHs are relatively unexplored. In the present investigation, an ALDH was purified from the hepatopancreas of grass carp ( Ctenopharygodon idellus) by affinity chromatographies on α-cyanocinnamate-Sepharose and Affi-gel Blue agarose. The 800-fold purified enzyme had a specific activity of 4.46 U/mg toward the oxidation of acetaldehyde at pH 9.5. It had a subunit molecular weight of 55 000. Isoelectric focusing showed a single band with a p I of 5.3. N-terminal amino acid sequencing of 30 residues revealed a positional identity of ∼70% with mammalian mitochondrial ALDH2. The kinetic properties of grass carp ALDH resembled those of mammalian ALDH2. The optimal pH for the oxidation of acetaldehyde was 9.5. The K m values for acetaldehyde were 0.36 and 0.31 μM at pH 7.5 and 9.5, respectively. Grass carp ALDH also possessed esterase activity which could be activated in the presence of NAD +.

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