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Tat28-35SL8-Specific CD8+ T Lymphocytes Are More Effective than Gag181-189CM9-Specific CD8+ T Lymphocytes at Suppressing Simian Immunodeficiency Virus Replication in a Functional In Vitro Assay

Authors
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology
Publication Date
Source
PMC
Keywords
  • Pathogenesis And Immunity

Abstract

Epitope-specific CD8+ T lymphocytes may play an important role in controlling human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/simian immunodeficiency virus replication. Unfortunately, standard cellular assays do not measure the antiviral efficacy (the ability to suppress virus replication) of CD8+ T lymphocytes. Certain epitope-specific CD8+ T lymphocytes may be better than others at suppressing viral replication. We compared the antiviral efficacy of two immunodominant CD8+ T lymphocyte responses—Tat28-35SL8 and Gag181-189CM9—by using a functional in vitro assay. Viral suppression by Tat-specific CD8+ T lymphocytes was consistently greater than that of Gag-specific CD8+ T lymphocytes. Such differences in antigen-specific CD8+-T-lymphocyte efficacy may be important for selecting CD8+ T lymphocyte epitopes for inclusion in future HIV vaccines.

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