Abstract Two experiments examined differences in the reproduction of preselected arm positioning movements. In Experiment 1, subjects defined a position in right space with a right index finger, or a position in left space with the left index finger, and then attempted to reproduce the position with either the left or the right hand. Subjects were more accurate when vision was available and when the reproduction hand was the same as the criterion hand. Availability of vision reduced the same hand advantage. There were no accuracy differences between the left and right hands. Experiment 2 was designed to determine whether the left-left and right-right criterion and reproduction advantages evident in the no vision condition of the first experiment were accounted for by the two movements being made by the same hand or by being performed in the same space. The results demonstrated that accuracy depended primarily on whether movements were made with the same hand. No right/left hand advantage was observed. The absence of a right hand advantages in either experiment may be due to the spatial complexity of the task examined or to the relative absence of any temporal constraints.