Abstract We have investigated altered association of tubulin dimers interacting with G proteins and modulating adenylyl cyclase (AC) as a result of long-term amitriptyline (AMT) treatment. Gpp(NH)p-stimulated, but not basal or manganese-stimulated, AC activity was significantly augmented in cortex membranes prepared from rats chronically treated with AMT. The enhancement of AC activity by Gpp(NH)p-liganded tubulin (tubulin-Gpp(NH)p) was significantly higher in chronically AMT-treated rats than in control rats. Moreover, in cortex membranes from controls, tubulin-Gpp(NH)p prepared from chronically AMT-treated rats was more effective to activate AC activity than tubulin-Gpp(NH)p from controls. Immunoblotting and photoaffinity guanine nucleotide binding procedures showed no significant differences in the amount and the function of G proteins between controls and AMT-treated groups. It is suggested that long-term AMT treatment causes alteration in the functional interaction between tubulin and G protein, and this modification may participate in enhanced coupling of Gs to the catalytic subunit of AC induced by the chronic antidepressant treatment.