Abstract By dimerizing with E2F proteins, TFDP has profound influence on cellular E2F activities. While TFDP1 and 2 enhance the DNA binding and the transcriptional activity of E2F, the newly identified member of the DP family, TFDP3 primarily functions as a negative regulator. To further characterize the inhibitory property of TFDP3, the present study specifically examined the modulatory role of TFDP3 on E2F1-induced cell death. HEK-293 cells underwent apoptosis following ectopic expression of E2F1. This effect was virtually abolished by co-transfection with TFDP3. In the meantime, the accumulation of p53 proteins and the increased expression of the pro-apoptotic molecules, including Bax, Puma, Noxa, and Bid were found to be suppressed. These data suggest a new mechanism for the regulation of E2F1-induced apoptosis and provide further evidence for the general involvement of TFDP3 in the regulation of E2F functions.